Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis is a medical condition that affects the skin. It causes the skin to become inflamed and irritated. It is a condition that is usually common in children, but it may occur in all age groups. It lasts long and might flare up periodically. It is common for eczema to be accompanied by hay fever or asthma. However, it is not a compulsion.
The Signs and Symptoms of Eczema
Itchiness – Constant or frequent itching causing irritability in the skin
Xeroderma – Extremely dry skin that often flakes off with constant itching and is rough to feel
Inflammation – Skin becomes reddened with bumpy or swollen sides and is painful to touch in some areas
The Causes of Eczema
Irritants, environmental factors, and allergens can be a trigger for this condition. It is also genetic, which means people with this condition lack the gene variation that offers them protection against any flare-ups. In some conditions, it is possible the moisture barrier of the skin gets disrupted, which may lead to the growth of bacteria in the skin, which possibly leads to eczema in the patient.
The Treatment Options for Eczema
Crisaborole is the most common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug or NSAID to treat mild to moderate forms of eczema. The medication has to be taken for around two weeks, and skin is checked against signs of inflammation. Calcineurin inhibitors are also used for providing the patient with relief against inflammation in moderate and severe forms of the skin condition.
If the cause of eczema is related to allergens, the patient has often been prescribed immunomodulators such as methotrexate and cyclosporine to aid the body in getting rid of the inflammation produced as a natural response to foreign agents. Taking care of skin moisture through hypoallergenic creams is also important.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.