HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus results in an infectious condition called Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, affecting 37.9 million people globally. It is transferred from one human to another through unsafe sexual acts, non-sterilized needles and blades, and transfusion of liquids or body fluids through infected means. It is also transferable from mother to child during childbirth, breastfeeding, or gestation. If not managed, it can lead to death within a short time.
The Signs and Symptoms of HIV Prevention/Exposure
Some of the early signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS include the following:
- Joint pain and muscle pain
- Mouth sores and sore throat
- Night sweats
- Persistent cough
Fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, shingles, weight loss, pneumonia, and oral thrush are the symptoms that develop on further multiplication of the virus in the host’s body.
The Causes of HIV Prevention/Exposure
As discussed, the exposure of AIDS is possible when the body fluids and the insides of the body become infected with the virus from an infected area. The most common site for transferring the virus is an unprotected genital organ. This is why it is among Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs. What’s more, non-sterilized needles, blades, and scissors can also cause HIV/AIDS exposure. It is important to sterilize all the material that will invade the skin barrier or come in contact with the body’s mucous membrane. The process of blood transfusions as well should be made safe. This is the only effective way to prevent the virus.
The Treatment Options for HIV Prevention/Exposure
The prevention of HIV/AIDS includes using treatment as prevention as a frontline defense. Pre-exposure prophylaxis, use of condoms during sex, using clean needles and blades are all part of prevention. For treatment upon exposure to the virus, seeking urgent medical care becomes a must. Antiretroviral therapy is given to patients for the management of the disease. These may include Atazanavir, Ritonavir, Darunavir, and others.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.