Kyphosis is technically a curvature of your backbone which measures up to 50 degrees or more in a diagnostic test. In the X-ray, kyphosis appears as the curvature of the bones in the mentioned degree axis in the upper back area.
The prevalence of the condition varies according to the type. It is more common in older adults who have degenerative conditions going on and have bad posture. Moreover, specific types such as Scheuermann’s Kyphosis have a total prevalence rate of 4 to 8%.
The Signs and Symptoms of Kyphosis
Bad posture and pain are the most common symptoms of kyphosis. With increased severity of the disease, it may result in more complications such as:
- Difficulty in doing daily activities
- Difficulty in swallowing, also known as dysphagia
- Acid reflux
- Problems related to breathing because of enhanced pressure on the lungs
- Poor body image
The Causes of Kyphosis
Fractures because of external physical trauma or because of cancer treatments that make the bone of the vertebrae prone to breakage can result in kyphosis. Osteoporosis can be a cause of curvature in the spine and can result in compression fractures as well. What’s more, disk degeneration, Scheuermann’s diseases (a pediatric disease), spinal bone defects, and Marfan syndromes are some of the conditions that result in kyphosis.
The Treatment Options for Kyphosis
Wearing a body brace or doing physical therapy are some of the interventions utilized for the treatment of kyphosis. When it comes to medications, pain relievers and medicines for osteoporosis are given as the top priority. These include the following:
- Naproxen sodium
- Bone-strengthening medications such as bisphosphonates
In a severe form of kyphosis where functional activities such as swallowing and breathing are disturbed, surgical interventions might be needed for the patient in order for their survival.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.