Measles is a viral infection that affects the respiratory tracts, the skin, and the eyes – that is why its symptoms correspond to the Three C’s: Conjunctivitis, Coryza, and Cough. Koplik spots are the most prominent signs of the condition, which evolve as a maculopapular rash in the skin. It may appear around two weeks after the exposure of the condition.
In the US alone, the incidence rate of the condition is over 1200 in the year 2019. In developing countries, the rate is certainly higher.
The Signs and Symptoms of Measles
The most common symptoms of measles include the following:
- Temperature elevation up to 105 F
- Koplik spots
The Causes of Measles
Measles is an infectious disease which means it can spread from one infected person to another. It is not a zoonotic condition, which means animal contact will not spread the disease. It is a highly contagious condition where the virus resides in the throat mucus and the nose of the infected individual, and it may spread across to others through sneezing and coughing. If other individuals breathe through the contaminated touch or air and then touch their mouths, eyes, and noses, they might become infected with the disease.
The Treatment Options for Measles
Post-exposure prophylaxis is needed after the initial exposure of the virus. An MMR vaccine or IG is given after 72 hours to six days of exposure to the virus. Naproxen sodium, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen are some fever-relieving medications given to individuals showing fever symptoms in the condition. Moreover, vitamin A is administered to pediatric patients who already have low levels of serum vitamin A in their bodies.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.