Nausea and vomiting are not diseases in themselves but are the symptoms pointing out to an underlying condition. They may arise as a result of a disease, mental health condition, post-op, gag reflex, or a drug-nutrient, chemical, or drug-drug interaction. Whatever be the etiology, it is important to effectively diagnose the condition and make sure to not let vomiting aggravate as it leads to conditions like dehydration, electrolyte loss, tachycardia, and even injuries in the esophageal tract.
Nausea is a sensation of vomiting, which is often followed by the anti-peristaltic effect itself, vomiting. Vomiting happens when the GI tract contracts and relaxes in the reverse direction, known as anti-peristalsis, and the content goes out towards the oral cavity. Nearly everyone at some point in their lives has experienced nausea and vomiting
The Causes of Nausea and Vomiting
As mentioned, there are different causes behind nausea and vomiting. The most common side effects of medications and medical treatments include nausea and vomiting. Also, infections, gastric disease, or any kind of acute or chronic condition can result in nausea and vomiting. Airsickness, chemotherapy, anxiety, stress, post-operative state, pregnancy, and even exposure to a triggering smell or chemical can cause nausea and vomiting in an individual. In most cases, this is a defense mechanism of the body to reject a harmful or potentially harmful material in the body. For example, in many individuals with certain food intolerance, these symptoms will appear after eating a certain food.
The Treatment Options for Nausea and Vomiting
In most cases, nausea and vomiting are self-limiting. With the removal of the trigger, these symptoms subside by themselves. However, it may become important to treat the conditions in order to protect an individual from excess fluid loss, retching, and other consequences. For that matter, the patient is given some antiemetic medications to stop the anti-peristaltic movements. Medicines such as diphenhydramine, promethazine, ondansetron, and trimethobenzamide are some of the common ones used for that order.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.