Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a combination of emotional and physical symptoms that a lot of women experience after ovulation and prior to the initiation of their menses. Scientists think that this occurs in the post-ovulatory days as the levels of progesterone and estrogen levels start decreasing dynamically, given what you are not expecting. The symptoms subside in a couple of days after the woman gets on her period.
90% of women of reproductive age complain of PMS symptoms like headaches, moodiness, and bloating.
The Signs and Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
The physical symptoms related to PMS include the following:
- Tender or swollen breasts that might be painful
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Gassy or bloating feeling
- Backache or headache
- Feeling of clumsiness
- Low tolerance for light or noise
- Frustration or hostile behavior
- Feeling lethargic
- Sleeping problems
- Food cravings or changes in appetite
- The trouble with memory or concentration
- Anxiety or tension
- Crying spells or depression
- Changes in mood
- Decreased libido
The Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Scientists are not yet sure of the root cause of PMS. However, they have found that shifts in the normal hormone levels in the body may play a decisive role in the occurrence of these symptoms. These levels might influence women in different ways.
The Treatment Options for Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
OTC medications help to deal with physical symptoms such as abdominal cramps and headaches. These medications include the following:
- Naproxen sodium
Some females have a better experience after taking medications as they get lesser pain and lesser bleeding during their period.
Some prescription drugs for the treatment include the following:
Hormonal birth control might aid in alleviating physical symptoms. There are different birth control options available for women that they can choose. Antidepressants are also helpful in providing relief against the emotional symptoms related to premenstrual syndrome. Some include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs. Some women might feel the need to take anti-anxiety medications for dealing with related symptoms. Diuretics help in dealing with breast tenderness and bloating.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.