Diabetes-What You Need to Know

Diabetes is an endocrine disorder that affects insulin and glucose balance in the body. This happens when due to a biological mechanism, our pancreas does not produce insulin in the right order. There are different types of diabetes, among which Type 1 Diabetes (Beta-cell destruction) and Type 2 Diabetes (insulin resistance) are the most prevalent, with the recent statistics pointing to 436 million cases globally.

The Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

The signs and symptoms of diabetes include the following:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urinary excretion
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Nephropathy
  • Retinopathy
  • Neuropathy
  • Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia
  • Heart disease
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tingling sensation in feet

The Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes has multifactorial causes, out of which age, metabolic disorders, obesity, underlying pancreatic exhaustion, pancreatic insufficiency, and others are included. The disease has genetic roots as well. So, if a person has their father or mother with diabetes, it is a high chance that the individual might also get the disease if they don’t take any preventative measures against it.

The Treatment of Diabetes

Diabetes is not curable. However, doctors give some medications to slow down the progression of the disease and keep the blood glucose level as stable and normal as possible.

  • Metformin
  • Thiazolidinedione
  • Insulin secretagogue
  • Diuretics
  • Glipizide
  • Linagliptin
  • Dapagliflozin

In type 1 diabetes, insulin is administered from the start as the individual does not have an endogenous form of insulin. In type 2 diabetes, insulin is usually given to patients who are at a progressive stage of disease or those who don’t respond well to oral medications.

Not only that but patients are also educated thoroughly about their dietary habits. Insulin dose and carb counting, blood glucose monitoring, and keeping the body weight in the normal BMI are some of the basic things taught to patients with diabetes. DESMOND and DAFNE from the UK are some of the patient-based diabetes education programs developed for diabetics who find it difficult to manage their disease.


If you have any symptoms or you need to get some advice on the management of the disease while you are at home, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.