Endometriosis – What You Need to Know
It is a painful gynecological disorder in which there is an outgrowth of an endometrium-like tissue that starts growing outside of your uterus as well. Endometriosis usually involves fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the tissues that line your pelvis.
The incidence of this disorder is as high as 71% to 87% in women having chronic pelvic pain. In women affected by infertility, the prevalence is from 20% to 50%. In the US alone, this condition occurs in over 6% of the female citizens every year, which is a gruesome fact.
The Signs and Symptoms of Endometriosis
Some symptoms of endometriosis include the following:
- Painful periods or dysmenorrhea in which cramping or pelvic pain might begin prior to and extend up to several days into a menstrual period. You might also be having abdominal or lower back pain
- Pain with intercourse
- Pain with defecation and urination
- Excessive bleeding or intermenstrual bleeding (bleeding between the cycles)
- Diarrhea, bloating
The Causes of Endometriosis
Some of the causes of endometriosis include retrograde menstruation (blood flows back into the pelvic cavity), hormonal imbalance in the body, endometrial cell transport, surgical scar transplantation, and disorders of the immune system. These are some of the absolute causes of endometriosis.
The Treatment Options for Endometriosis
The most common medications for endometriosis include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen. Naproxen sodium is also available to help in easing the pain associated with endometriosis. Proper ultrasound diagnostics are important for the case to proceed and see for any anomaly in the mass.
Some other treatments include hysterectomy, conservative surgery, fertility treatment, and hormone replacement therapy. The decision depends on the severity of the signs and symptoms. While a mild level of the condition might be handled with some medications, a potentially threatening severity might include a surgery like a hysterectomy, in which the ovaries containing the fibroids are removed.
If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.