Irritable Bowel Syndrome – What You Need to Know

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. Mixed pattern, specific, constipation, and diarrhea type IBS are the common classifications of this syndrome, affecting 11.2% of persons globally. There are many conditions associated with this disease, and some of the symptoms are explained as:

The symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

There are a lot of symptoms of this syndrome. However, the most common symptoms that can occur are the following:

  • Diarrhea – Violent episodes that may lead to dehydration and electrolyte loss
  • Constipation – Either as an isolated symptom or altering with diarrhea episodes
  • Cramps or bellyache – In the lower half of the abdomen, which worsens after food intake or defecation.
  • Bloating or flatulence
  • Looser than normal or harder than normal stools
  • Unusually protruding belly
  • Mucus in fecal content
  • Incomplete bowel emptying feel
  • Intolerance to foods
  • Fatigue and anxiety

The symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Muscular contractions in the intestine can cause aggravated IBS symptoms. Contractions with more intensity than usual can cause diarrhea and bloat. Abnormalities in the nervous system, especially the nerves in the gastric system, can call for an elevated disturbance in the gut. What’s more, bacteria and viruses may also result in IBS – gastroenteritis and bacterial overgrowth, for example. Stress and changes in the gut microflora also lead to IBS.

The Treatment Options for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Corn fiber, psyllium husk, and wheat bran are some bulking agents which aid in relieving symptoms like diarrhea by adding more bulk in the bowels. Antibiotics like rifaximin help in changing bacterial count in the intestine over the course. Antispasmodics help in controlling muscle spasms that ultimately help in controlling cramps and bellyaches. Some physicians may prescribe antidepressants to patients with IBS to help them relieve symptoms of the condition effectively. Other treatment methods include stress management techniques and others.

If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, telemedicine makes it possible for you to get the care you deserve. Schedule a virtual consultation with a Telakai Health online Provider and get on the road to recovery. Schedule your visit today.